Environment and Ecology

Sound management and efficient utilization of biomass can provide sub­stantial benefits in terms of increased biodiversity, local amenity, and even rehabilitation of land and water courses [13]. Examples include income-gen­erating management of native woodlands, growing energy crops such as short rotation coppice (SRC) that has biodiversity and soil conservation ben­efits, utilization of low-fertility and abandoned lands, returns and increase of certain declining animal populations, and energy independence of local or rural communities, among others. When biomass energy is exploited properly, the renewability of biomass via photosynthesis absorbing carbon dioxide as a pivotal species helps reduce the carbon footprint of the energy

generation and consumption cycle associated with human activities, thereby positively contributing to greenhouse gas management in both direct and indirect ways.

Furthermore, the utilization of biomass helps contribute to income genera­tion and increase for rural and agricultural communities, while reducing dependence on nonrenewable fossil fuels and helping establish a sustain­able future.