Energy sources

The energy sources considered in this project were solar, aeolic, and biomass. These renewable energy sources are abundant in the region, adequate for the distributed generation and impact as much for the quality of life as well as for generation of income and jobs in the region, particularly in the case of castor bean plant with the inclusion of family agriculture in the prodution chain of biodiesel.

3. Methodology

The development of SIGA-SOL methodology includes diverse stages that can be schematically seen in Fig. 6 where the fluxogram of development of the GIS planning module is shown. The great stages of development of the module for planning the inclusion of renewable energies can be seen from left to right and represent:

■ Collection of raw data on renewable energy resources, infrastructures, economic and social information, demographies, indices of non-electrification, aptitude for determined cultures, installed renewable energy systems, existing wells, among others;

■ Elaboration of a standardized geographic data bank, that is, referenced and uniform data;

■ Elaboration of data bank with dimensioning of PV energy systems and for pumping water; estimation of electricity generated by sugar cane bagasse; estimation of electricity generated by wind and climatic aptitude for biomass cultures;

■ Creation of a system that permits cross information according to rules dictated by geographics, techniques, social or administrative restrictions. The crossing is a geographic filtering that permits an answer to a given investigation of the user and

■ Finally the study of the best locals is done for inclusion of a determined renewable energy technology in accordance with some criteria pre-established by the user.

Подпись: Figure 6- Fluxogram of project development, planning module

The management module has the same structure as the planning module, however, it has different geographic data bases and results. The geographic data bank in this case contains detailed information on the PV systems installed by PRODEEM, phases I to V and emergent phase (pumping) whose fields are defined in the Technical Report on Revitalization of Energy Systems and Information on the Availability of Energy Sources. The results permit the identification of types of equipment, kinds of benefits, installation phase, ill functioning (fault), distance to the nearest maintenance center, among others.

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