Crop Oils, Biodiesel, and Algae Fuels

First-generation biofuels refer to the fuels that have been derived from biologi­cal sources such as starch, sugar, animal fats, and vegetable oils, whereas sec­ond generation biofuels are derived from lignocellulosic crops. The oils under the category of first generation biofuels are obtained using conventional pro­duction techniques. Some of the most typical types of first generation bio­fuels include vegetable oil, conventional biodiesel, bioalcohols, biogas, and synthesis gas (biosyngas).